History of Bmw
BMW (Bayerisch Motoren Werke AG) - the famous German car manufacturer, which specializes - production cars and sports cars, SUVs and motorcycles. The headquarters of the company is located in Munich.
In 1913, in the Northern part of Munich appeared two small aeroengine companies, the founders of which was Karl RAPP and Gustav Otto, son of Nikolaus August Otto, who deserves the credit for creating the internal combustion engine. With the outbreak of the First World War the number of orders for engines for airplanes has increased dramatically. RAPP and Otto decided to merge their companies into a single Aero-engine factory. So in Munich appeared aircraft engine plant, which in 1917 was registered under the name Bayerische Motoren Werke (Bavarian motor works). This date is considered the founding year of the BMW.
When the First World War ended, the company was in a difficult situation, because according to the Treaty of Versailles the Germans could no longer produce engines for aircraft, and in that time the engine was the only BMW products. However, enterprising Karl RAPP and Gustav Otto figured out how to save the company, the plant has embarked on creating the first motorcycle engines and then motorcycles themselves.
In 1923 the company was established first motorcycle, the R32. Novelty appeared before the public in the motorbike salon in Paris, where she quickly established itself as a high-speed and reliable model that was later confirmed on the international racing 20-ies and 30-ies, where the first BMW motorcycle had broken all speed records.
Was soon developed engine Motor-4", the Assembly has been carried out in other European countries. In 1919, at the helm of the aircraft equipped with this engine, villages Franz Dimer, which set the first world record BMW, climbed 9760 meters. Affairs of the company were sharply uphill, this was facilitated by the conclusion of a secret agreement with the Soviet Union on the supply of new aircraft engines. Many Soviet record flights in 30-ies - credit for airplanes equipped with BMW engines.
In 1928, the company acquired the automotive plants in Eisenach (Thuringia), and then a license to manufacture a compact car Dixi. In 1929 launched the production of this model, it is worth noting that the Dixi was the first BMW car. In times of economic crisis, the car was wildly popular throughout Europe. By the beginning of the Second World War, BMW was one of the most advanced companies in the world in the field of production technology with a sports orientation. At that time, the company could boast of new world records: Wolfgang von Gronau crossed the North Atlantic from East to West in the open Dornier Wal seaplane with BMW engine. At the same time, Ernst Henne driving a motorcycle R12, equipped with cardan drive, telescopic fork with hydraulic shock absorbers (BMW invention), set a world speed record by reaching 279.5 km/h, which could not be anyone else over the next 14 years. In the spring of 1998, the premiere of the fifth generation of the successful sedans 3rd series. New series, redesigned in numerous details, could boast not only an exclusive appearance, but also the most modern engines, the latest suspension technology and best-in-class safety standards.
In early 1999, the group presented the BMW X5, which became the world's first sports car, designed for active recreation (Sports Activity Vehicle): new combines practicality and elegance, thus opening a new dimension of mobility. In the same year, the premiere of the great sports car BMW Z8, which is also "lit up" in the movie "the whole world is not enough".
Some time later at the Frankfurt motor show in front of a wide audience appeared futuristic concept Z9 Gran Turismo.
In 2002, the BMW group has achieved a record polycesta sales - 1 057 000 copies. Additionally, the BMW Group has won the competition "car of the year in Russia".
In 2003, the premiere of the most luxurious models of the BMW 7-series - BMW 760i and 760Li, as well as a new sedan BMW 5-series.
In 2004, BMW 116i, equipped with the 1.6-liter engine producing 115 horsepower, was launched in Germany with € 20,000.
Today, the company BMW, the history of which began with a tiny aeroengine plant creates its production at five plants located in Germany, and at twenty-two subsidiary companies scattered around the world. BMW is one of the few companies that do not use the factory robots. The entire Assembly process is carried out manually. Applies only computer diagnostics of the main characteristics of the car.